The Intermediate rebellion lasted from 1927 until 1931, although the dispute had been rumbling on for years before this. It was essentially an attempt by around 60 Junior football clubs to secure adequate compensation for players who were signed by the seniors. Until 1931 there was no official recognition of a Junior player's contract with his club, and he could be spirited away with no payment, often on the eve of an important match. Although several clubs (including St Anthony's) won court cases against their senior counterparts, legal action was expensive and slow.
Change was needed, but many of the senior clubs had no wish to pay transfer fees, while the Scottish Junior Football Association itself was dominated by small forelock-tugging country clubs and failed to stand up to the SFA. Therefore a breakaway occurred in 1927 with the rebels forming their own leagues and cup competitions under the banner of the Scottish Intermediate FA. Clubs from the Lothians and Fife were invited to join, but the rebellion was basically a West of Scotland affair.
The clubs and their players were outlawed, but over the next four years only a handful left the organisation, mainly for geographical reasons. Just one club - Baillieston Juniors - scabbed purely for financial gain. Without players going senior the standard of football played by the Intermediates rose dramatically, while the standard of senior football fell.
The cause of the rebel clubs was morally, as well as legally, right. In 1931 the dispute was settled, largely on the Intermediates' terms. The standard transfer fee for a professional Junior player was set at £75, and the terms for provisional contracts were tightened up so that players were rarely taken while their clubs were still involved in the Scottish Junior Cup. The Scottish Intermediate FA became the West of Scotland JFA, and its main cup competition, the Scottish Intermediate Cup, became the West of Scotland Junior Cup.